The fight against corruption is one of the favorite slogans in Ukrainian politics, and over the past five years it has also been a leading priority among the reforms. In order to minimize bribery among officials, our state creates a paradoxical phenomenon – it allocates more and more funds from the budget of Ukraine and opens more and more instances that fight against corrupt officials. But is this method effective for the country?
Over the past five years, one after another, state law enforcement anti-corruption bodies began to appear in Ukraine. This is the National Agency for the Prevention of Corruption (NACC), the National Agency for the Detection, Search (ARMA), the State Bureau of Investigation (GBR), the National Anti-Corruption Bureau (NABU), the Special Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office (CAP) and was added to them on September 5, 2019 Supreme Anti-Corruption Court (WAX). NAZK is responsible for checking the declarations of officials, the ARMA is responsible for returning and managing assets, the State Security Bureau investigates criminal cases involving government officials of the highest structures, the SAP assesses the investigations and then passes them to the courts, the WAKS closed this chain while deciding on the sentences sent to them by the SAP and NABU.
Each of these structures, of course, requires a small amount of funding. As previously reported by the portal delo.ua, for example, in 2019, NABU provided for 867.5 million UAH, which is 10 million more than in 2018. 127.2 million were allocated for SAP. UAH, 11 million more than in the previous year, NAZK – 758.3 million UAH, which is 74.8 million more than in 2018 and UAH 1.1 billion was planned for the GDB, and in 2018 – 651.6. In 2020, they plan to allocate UAH 1 billion to the National Anti-Corruption Bureau alone, which exceeds 133 million by 2019.
The other day, the SBU press center published information on the amount of state losses due to corruption in 2019. As a result of preventing 497 manifestations of illegal acts among Ukrainian officials, our country suffered significant losses.
“The total amount of unlawful gain that the corrupt officials demanded is more than 65 million hryvnias, and the revealed losses of the state and territorial communities are more than 1 billion 400 million hryvnias,” the report said.
But the number of anti-corruption structures in the country clearly did not improve the effectiveness of the struggle. Ukraine took 120th place among 180 countries in the global ranking of the Corruption Perception Index, compiled by the international organization Transparency International. Corruption Perception Index – an indicator that since 1995 has been calculated by Transparency International based on 13 studies of reputable international organizations and research centers. In 2007, Ukraine ranked 118th.
For example, in the world ranking of the Corruption Perceptions Index in 2003, Georgia took 127th place, and today it has 42. With this jump, this country has only 4 specialized organizations that are engaged in the fight against corruption – Investigative units of the prosecutor’s office, Anti-corruption Agency under the State Security Service, the Investigative Service of the Ministry of Finance and the General Inspectorate of the Ministry of Justice. Georgia did not go the easy way to achieve such indicators, but the main role was played by the correct tactics of eradicating the problem, the seriousness of the preventive measure and a number of correctly structured reforms, and not the number of state anti-corruption bodies.
Ukraine also needs a proper anti-corruption policy and an artificially created desire to fight bribery at all levels. As we can see, the tactics of eradicating through the introduction of new structures only hit the state. In the end, the paradox turns out – we are allocating more and more money to fight those who steal them.