Blood clots are blood clots that form in blood vessels in response to damage to the vascular wall. It is blood clots that are involved in the process of hemostasis (they prevent severe bleeding if, for example, you cut yourself).
Most people in the body form blood clots every day, but they dissolve and do not cause any symptoms due to the smooth operation of the system, said phlebologist Maxim Popivets.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
This is a dangerous condition that develops when a blood clot forms in the system of deep veins of the lower extremities. Such a pathology has several characteristic manifestations.
1. Leg pain
This is the main symptom of deep vein thrombosis. In some cases, this may be the only manifestation of the disease. Most often there is a sharp and severe pain in the calf muscle.
2. Edema of the limb
If you notice that one of your bones is suddenly swollen, then this may be an early symptom of DVT. In this case, you should immediately seek medical help, since at any time a blood clot can come off and clog the vessels of vital organs.
3. The appearance of red stripes on the skin
With the formation of a blood clot in the system of deep veins of the lower extremities, the skin in the affected area may acquire a reddish or blue hue. In some cases, the skin turns pale. Local temperature also very often increases (the skin becomes warm to the touch).
Pulmonary Thromboembolism (PE)
Pulmonary embolism is the most common complication of deep vein thrombosis, which often leads to death. It is accompanied by characteristic symptoms.
Heart palpitations occur due to lack of air, develops with pulmonary thromboembolism. In this situation, the heart tries to compensate for the deficiency by increasing the speed of contractions.
5. Chest pain
Acute stitching pain in the chest is the most common manifestation of pulmonary embolism. The main characteristic between these nosologies is that with pulmonary embolism, the intensity of the pain syndrome increases with breathing.
6. Air marriage
The appearance of severe shortness of breath and an increase in the frequency of respiratory movements to 30-40 per minute are characteristic signs of pulmonary embolism. Cyanosis or pallor of the skin may also be noted.
This symptom is optional and occurs in about a quarter of patients with pulmonary embolism. Most often, sputum discharge with an admixture of blood appears already at the stage of pulmonary infarction.
Mesenteric Vascular Thrombosis
Mesenteric vessels supply blood to various sections of the intestine. With such thrombosis, symptoms of the gastrointestinal tract occur.
8. Abdominal pain
The main sign of mesenteric vessel thrombosis is acute abdominal pain, which occurs as a result of ischemia (a violation of blood supply) of a certain section of the intestine.
Nausea and vomiting are characteristic manifestations of mesenteric thrombosis. The main feature of vomiting is that it does not bring relief. In some cases, an admixture of blood may appear in the feces.
We emphasize that self-medication is dangerous to your health. Therefore, before using any medication, consult your doctor.